Charles Frederick Worth, an Englishman who in the mid-1800 and revolutionized the way French (and global) fashion was made and disseminated, is considered the father of Haute Couture.
Worth created outfits according to tastes of his wealthy clients and prepared a ‘portfolio’ of dresses that were created and shown on models in his Parisian showroom, focusing fashion according to his creative mind and will.
This led to the advent of the Couturier: a creator, almost an artist, whose ‘idea of fashion’ was translated into amazing attires, often so recognizable of his (or her) style to define the identity of the couturier himself (or herself).
State Journal, April 3, 1895
The Late Mr. Worth: Measured by the Standards of Success. He reached a High Place.
…the famous man milliner and dressmaker, is dead, having passed on to that far country where his services will not be in request, a victim of the dread influenza now raging so virulently in foreign capitals. By his death the gay city of Paris, where he has reigned without a rival since Eugenie’s time, will lose one of its most prominent fascinations for female tourist. Scarily any woman of wealth or fashion has deemed her tour in foreign parts a complete success unless she brought back with her gowns, hats, or other articles of costume designed and executed in his studio.
Worth got his fame in Paris, where he established his fashion house in 1858, contributing to the establishment of Paris as cradle and capital of couture.